Hybrid Human-Agent Networks

(duration: 01-04-2005 - 30-03-2009 / funding: Casimir programme of SenterNovum)

Project summary

Hybrid agent networks and incorporated adaptive learning mechanisms are an important research subject in the ICT sector.What is lacking behind is the availability of relevant translations of theoretical knowledge into practical solutions.

Research conducted on co-operative planning systems, incident management and distributed diagnosis generate promising application possibilities which are not realized today. The interaction between Almende and universities provides knowledge and networks to bridge this gap.


Within the Casimir program, two PhD-students performed research within the scope of multi-agent scheduling and planning.

Adriaan ter Mors worked on the SUPPORT project, which investigates ways to improve cooperation between different logistical parties in the port of Rotterdam, mainly road freight companies and the container terminal. 

Xiaoyu Mao investigated ways of using multi-agent technology for airport ground handling. Airport ground handling entails all the actions that have to be performed on and around an airplane when it is on the ground: loading and unloading suitcases and catering supplies, de-icing, technical maintenance and check-ups, fuelling, etcetera.

About Casimir

Goal of the Casimir research programme is to increase mobility of researchers and exchange of researchers between companies and public knowledge institutes. Core of the Casimir program is to give beta and technical researchers employed in knowledge institutes a chance to work temporarily for companies and vice versa. Mobility and the possibility to continue a career as researcher at a different setting makes a job as researcher more challenging and versatile. Casimir projects will increase the attraction of a research career and will improve the labour market for researchers.


Demo page Hybrid Human Agent Networks

Cees Witteveen (EWI - TU Delft) (PhD supervisor)

Jaap van der Herik (Tilburg Centre for Creative Computing) (PhD supervisor)

Nico Roos (University of Maastricht - Department of Knowledge Engineering) (PhD supervisor)

Adriaan ter Mors (EWI - TU Delft) (PhD-researcher)

Xiaoyu Mao (Almende / Tilburg Centre for Creative Computing) (PhD-researcher)


TU DelftTilburg UniversityMaastricht University

Nationaal Lucht- en Ruimtevaartlaboratorium


Xiaoyu Mao (2011). Airport Under Control: Multiagent scheduling for Airport Ground Handling. PhD-thesis, Tilburg University, The Netherlands.

Xiaoyu Mao, Nico Roos, Alfons Salden. Stable Multi-project Scheduling of Airport Ground Handling Services with Heterogeneous Agents, In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS09), Decher, Sichman, Sierra and Castelfranchi (Eds.) May, 10-15, 2009, Budapest, Hungary, pp. 537-544.

Mors, A. ter, Belle, J. van, Witteveen, C. Context-Aware Multi-Stage Routing, In: Proceedings of 8th Int. Conf. on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2009), Decker, Sichman, Sierra and Castelfranchi (eds.), May, 10–15, 2009, Budapest, Hungary, pp 49-56.

Adriaan W. ter Mors and Xiaoyu Mao and Jonne Zutt and Cees Witteveen and Nico Roos (2008). Robust Reservation-Based Multi-Agent Routing. In M. Ghallab and C.D. Spyropoulos and N. Fakotakis and N. Avouris (Eds.). Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 929-930, Patras, Greece. IOS Press, Amsterdam. 

Cees Witteveen and Nico Roos and Adriaan ter Mors and Xiaoyu Mao (2007). Diagnosis of Plan Step Errors and Plan Structure Violations. In M. Huhns and O. Shehory (Eds.). Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS), pp. 847-849

Adriaan ter Mors and Xiaoyu Mao and Nico Roos and Cees Witteveen and Alfons Salden (2007). Multi-Agent System Support for Scheduling Aircraft De-icing. In Bartel van de Walle, Paul Burghardt and Kees Nieuwenhuis (Eds.). Proceeding of ISCRAM 2007 - Intelligent Human Computer Systems for Crisis Response and Management, pp. 467-478. VUBPRESS Brussels University Press.

Xiaoyu Mao and Adriaan ter Mors and Nico Roos and Cees Witteveen (2007). Using Neuro-Evolution in Aircraft Deicing Scheduling. In Karl Tuyls and Steven de Jong and Marc Ponsen and Katja Verbeeck (Eds.). ALAMAS 2007 Adaptive and Learning Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, pp. 138--145. MICC Technical Report Series.

Adriaan W. ter Mors and Jonne Zutt and Cees Witteveen (2007). Context-aware logistic routing and scheduling. In Mark Boddy and Maria Fox and Sylvie Thiebaux (Eds.). Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling, pp. 328-335, Providence, Rhode Island, U.S.A. AAAI Press. 

Xiaoyu Mao and Adriaan ter Mors and Nico Roos and Cees Witteveen (2007).Coordinating Competitive Agents in Dynamic Airport Resource Scheduling. In Paolo Petta, Joerg P. Mueller, Matthias Klusch, Michael Georgeff (Eds.). Proceedings of the Fifth German Conference on Multiagent System Technologies (MATES2007), pp. 133-144. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 4687, Springer. 

Xiaoyu Mao and Adriaan ter Mors and Nico Roos and Cees Witteveen (2006). Agent-Based Scheduling for Aircraft Deicing. In Pierre-Yves Schobbens and Wim Vanhoof and Gabriel Schwanen (Eds.). Proceedings of the 18th Belgium - Netherlands Conference on Artificial Intelligence, pp. 229-236. BNVKI. 

A. W. ter Mors and J. M. Valk and C. Witteveen (2006). Task Coordination and Decomposition in Multi-Actor Planning Systems. In G. Sutschet (Eds.). Proceedings of the Workshop on Software-Agents in Information Systems and Industrial Applications (SAISIA), pp. 83 - 94. Fraunhofer IRB Verlag.

Xiaoyu Mao, Adriaan ter Mors, Nico Roos, Cees Witteveen, Agent-based Scheduling for Aircraft Deicing, BNAIC06, Namur, Belgium, October 05-06, 2006.

P.C. Buzing and A.W. ter Mors and J.M. Valk and C. Witteveen (2006). Coordinating Self-Interested Planning Agents. Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems 12(2):199--218. 

Jan Renze Steenhuisen and Cees Witteveen and Adriaan W. ter Mors and Jeroen M. Valk (2006). Framework and Complexity Results for Coordinating Non-Cooperative Planning Agents. In Klaus Fischer et al. (Eds.). Proceedings of the 4th German conference on Multi-Agent System Technologies (MATES), pp. 98--109. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 4196, Springer-Verlag.

Related topics Related topics

[VIDEO] Airport Under Control

In the aula of Tilburg University, Almende colleague Xiaoyu Mao succesfully defended his PhD-thesis "Airport Under Control".